LUCENA

LUCENA, town in Andalusia, in S. Spain, S. of Córdoba; important Jewish community in the 11th century. During the period of Muslim rule Lucena was famous as "the entirely Jewish city," and a tradition states that it was founded by Jews. Several prominent families, including that of the historian abraham ibn daud , claimed that their settlement in Lucena dated from the time of Nebuchadnezzar. isaac abrabanel linked the derivation of the name of the town with the biblical town of Luz. Until the 12th century Lucena was a cultural center of Andalusian Jewry. In 853 Natronai Gaon wrote "that Alisana (Arabic for Lucena) was a Jewish place with no gentiles at all." In another responsum the gaon asked, "Is there a gentile who prohibits your activities? Why do you not establish an eruv ḥaẓerot? " (Teshuvot Ge'onei Mizraḥ u-Ma'arav (1888), para. 26). The 12th-century Arab geographer Idrīsī also commented on the Jewish character of Lucena and stated that while Muslims lived outside the city walls, Jews generally lived in the fortified part within the walls. Menahem b. Aaron ibn Zerah reports the same information at the end of the 14th century (Ẓeidah la-Derekh (Ferrara, 1554), 150). The Jews earned their living from olive groves, vineyards, agriculture, commerce, and crafts. Lucena was distinguished by its scholars. In the mid-ninth century amram gaon sent his prayer book in response to a question by a scholar of Lucena. His contemporary Eleazar b. Samuel Ḥurga of Lucena received the titles alluf (demin Ispania) and rosh kallah, and became famous in the Babylonian academies (see A. Harkavy , Teshuvot ha-Ge'onim, Berlin, 1887, para. 386, p. 201, pp. 376–7). In the 11th century isaac b. judah ibn ghayyat taught in the yeshivah of Lucena. He was succeeded by isaac alfasi who was followed by joseph ibn migash . In 1066 the widow of joseph b. samuel ha-nagid and her son Azariah were among the refugees who came to Lucena in the wake of the anti-Jewish outburst in Granada (Abraham ibn Daud, Sefer ha-QabbalahThe Book of Tradition, ed. G. Cohen (1967), 77). The last king of the Zirid dynasty, Abdallah, reported an uprising of the Jews of Lucena during his reign – at the time of the expedition against the Almoravides (c. 1090). At the turn of   the century a contemporary of Ibn Migash, the almoravide ruler, Yusuf ibn Tāshfin (1061–1106), demanded that the Jews convert to Islam. While the community was saved in exchange for a heavy bribe, many Jews of Lucena moved northward to Navarre and settled near Tudela. They called their settlement Lucena and continued to live in accordance with the customs and ordinances of their original community, Lucena. The grammarian Jonah ibn Janāh and the poets Moses and abraham ibn ezra , judah halevi , and joseph ibn sahl were active in Lucena at some time during their lives. The 11th-century Hebrew poet Abu-ar-Rabia b. Baruch, known throughout Andalusia, lived in Lucena. In 1146 during the Almohad wars, the Jews were persecuted and many were forced to convert to Islam. The community, like many other Andalusian communities, totally disappeared. Lucena was conquered by Castile in 1240. The fate of its Jewish community during the riots of 1391 resembles that of the other Andalusian communities, total destruction. Many were killed, many were forcibly converted, some escaped. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Maimonides, Iggeret Teiman, ed. by A.S. Halkin (1952), xxix, 100f.; Neuman, Spain, index; Ibn Daud, Tradition, index; Baer, Spain, index; Ashtor, Korot, 1 (19662), 202f.; 2 (1966), 88–91; H. Schirmann, in: Sefer Assaf (1953), 496–514; E. Lévi-Provençal, in: Al-Andalus, 4 (1936), 113–6 (Fr.); Cantera Burgos, in: Sefarad, 13 (1953), 112–4; 19 (1959), 137–47; Cantera-Millás, Inscripciones, 168–70; Torres-Balbas, in: Al-Andalus, 19 (1954), 190. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Arjona Castro, in: Lucena; nuevos estudios históricos (1983), 65–88; J.L. Lacave, in: Sefarad, 47 (1987), 181–82; F. Díaz Esteban, in: J. Peláez del Rosal (ed.), The Jews in Cordoba (X–XII Centuries) (1987), 123–37; J. Peláez del Rosal (ed.), Los judíos de y Lucena; historia, pensamiento y poesía (1988). (Haim Beinart)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lucéna — Lucena Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lucena (homonymie). Lucena …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucēna — (spr. Lusena), Stadt in der spanischen Provinz, Cordoba; 4 Armenhäuser, Findelhaus, Ökonomische Gesellschaft, Lateinische Schule, Salzwerke, Tuch Leinwand , Seifenfabrikation; 19,700 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lucēna [1] — Lucēna, Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Cordoba, an der Eisenbahnlinie Puente Genil Linares, hat Öl und Weinbau, Handel mit landwirtschaftlichen Produkten, berühmte Pferdezucht und (1900) 21,179 Einw. Hier wurde der Maurenkönig Boabdil… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lucēna [2] — Lucēna, ein Kastilier, verfaßte um 1497 das älteste uns (soweit bekannt, in fünf Exemplaren) erhaltene Druckwerk über das moderne Schachspiel, zugleich ein Prachtstück ältester Buchdruckerkunst. Der Inhalt ist bis auf eine Anzahl Endspiele… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lucena — Lucēna, Stadt in der span. Prov. Córdoba, am Cascajar, (1900) 21.179 E.; Pferdezucht …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lucena — (Lus–), span. Stadt in Andalusien mit 20000 E., Tuch u. Leineweberei, Seifefabrikation …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Lucena — Lucena, ciudad española de la provincia de Córdoba. Es la principal población en términos demográficos y económicos de la provincia, tras la capital. Está situada en un importante nudo de comunicaciones de carreteras, en el centro geográfico de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lucena —   [lu θena], Stadt auf den Philippinen, auf Luzon, 130 km südöstlich von Manila, 107 900 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz der Provinz Quezon; Universität; Zentrum der Kopragewinnung; Fischereihafen.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lucena — Para otros usos de este término, véase Lucena (desambiguación). Lucena Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lucena — Infobox Settlement official name = Lucena other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = 120px image seal size = 75px image shield = shield size = city citylogo size = mapsize = 120px map… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.